SRINAGAR — Kashmiris remembered the martyrs of 1931 who fought against an autocratic rule, with a shutdown on Friday.
Martyrs Day is being observed on July 13, every year to remember those killed by Dogra autocratic rulers in 1931.
On this day in 1931, 22 Kashmiris fell to bullets of then Maharaja’s forces outside Central Jail Srinagar.
According to Wikipedia, on July 13, 1931 thousands of Kashmiris had flocked to Central Jail, Srinagar to witness the trial of Abdul Qadeer. As the time for obligatory prayer approached one Kashmiri stood up to deliver adhan. The Dogra Governor Ray Zada Tartilok Chand ordered his soldiers to open fire on him. When he was killed another Kashmiri stood up to continue the adhan from the verse where the adhan had been broken. He too was killed. A total of 22 Kashmiris were killed trying to complete delivering the adhan.
The people carried the dead and paraded through the streets of Srinagar, chanting slogans against Dogra brutalities. The incident shook the whole state and week long mourning was observed.
Abdul Qadeer was the Pathan butler of a British officer who made a fiery speech after seeing the atrocities being committed on Kashmiris by the forces of the Dogra Maharaja.
July 13 is a public holiday in Jammu and Kashmir. All shops and businesses remained closed, while public transport buses were off the roads in the valley.
Authorities made heavy security arrangements around the Martyrs graveyard in Naqashband Sahab area of the old city here where the people who fought the Dogra rule and were killed by the state forces on July 13, 1931, were buried.
Separatists gave the shutdown call following which authorities placed Syed Ali Shah Geelani and Mirwaiz Umer Farooq under house arrest while Yasin Malik was put under detention.
Reports of shutdown have also reached from other districts of the valley.